Elisabetta Costantino, Lavinia Barone, Rosalinda Cassibba

Low-SES parents and early relationship with 6 months old babies

  • Abstract

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Keywords: low SES, attachment, emotional availability, psychopathology risk, unresolved trauma.

This study considers the importance of risk factors for parenthood and, more specifically, social disadvantage as economic deprivation and low maternal education. In fact, low-SES mothers are highly exposed to the risk of insecure attachment and of insensitive behaviour during the dyadic exchanges. Furthermore, literature underlines a higher susceptibility of low-SES parents to psychopathology symptoms and to unresolved traumatic stories. We analyzed 40 dyads (20 low-SES and 20 comparison) of mothers with their 6 months old infants, in order to find precocious risk factors for parenthood. Analysis revealed, in the low-SES group, a higher frequency of insecure attachment, a poorer quality of dyadic exchanges and a higher psychopathologic risk. Moreover, associations between some dimensions of the unresolved trauma and the quality of dyadic exchanges were found.

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