Keywords: Parent attachment, peer attachment, attachment representation, adolescence, well being
The principal aim of the study was to examine the psychometric properties and construct validity of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA; Armsden and Greenberg, 1987) in a sample of 1000 Italian adolescents. Results of the factor analysis revealed that both scales were composed of one identifiable factor. The pattern of validity correlations between the parent and peer attachment scales and QMA provided substantiation for the convergent validity. Adolescents were divided into four groups on the basis of their parent and peer attachment scores: those high on both, those low on both, those high on parent but low on peer attachment, those low on parent but high on peer. Anova's results revealed that the first and third group were more optimistic and satisfied of their life; the first and last group expressed higher level of regulatory self-efficacy. The results suggest the need to a deeper investigation about the relationship between parent and peer attachment on adolescents well-being and self-efficacy.