Keywords: Education; Equality of Opportunity; Latent Class Analysis.
The changes occurring in the regulatory framework (the so-called Legge delega n.42/2009) have modified the rules of the central government transfers to the Education sector, and introduced the standard needs and the Performances'essential levels (LEP - Livelli Essenziali delle Prestazioni) as a base for fiscal federalism. This study aims at proposing an operational framework, grounded on the Equality of Opportunity framework, for the LEP's determination. The crucial issue of this literature - the detection of types and circumstances causing typization - is solved through the implementation of latent classes analysis method, instead of using an ad hoc selection of variables composing the set of circumstances. The following analysis is performed using data concerning primary school students, measured by INVALSI-SVN.