Alessio Vieno Silvia Russo Michele Roccato

The Unemployment Rate Moderates the Relation between Victimization and Fear of Crime

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We aimed at explaining the «fear-victimization paradox» (the less victimized social categories show the highest levels of fear) applying multilevel analysis on an Italian national sample (N = 1.868; mean age = 41.38, SD = 16.21; 56.5% women). A crosslevel interaction highlighted that indirect victimization influenced fear of crime just for people living in high unemployment rated communities.


  • fear of crime
  • victimization
  • moderation
  • unemployment


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