Mario Panico

The Floating Meaning of Monuments. The Bulgarian Red Army Monument Between Everyday Life Practices and Nostalgic Yearnings

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Keywords: Monument; Bulgaria; Nostalgia; Spatiality; Post-Communism.

Monuments are memory mediators (Assmann 2002) that convey a particular interpretation of history. When the hegemonic version of events is "questioned" different semiotic strategies impair the sense of the monument design. The aim of this research is to show how all interpretations of a single monument can be complementary, thereby offering to the monument a fluctuating and not exclusive meaning. The Bulgarian Soviet Army Monument is the case study that allows us to define this idea. It was built in 1954, but since the fall of Berlin Wall in 1989, this monument has undergone a profound resemantization by those who daily live its space, creating new meanings and new memories.

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