Sara Pezzica, Christian Tarchi, Federica Piccinelli, Lucia Bigozzi

Parent Training Program for parents of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): theoretical and practical in-depth examinations

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Keywords: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Parent Training, parenting, qualitative analysis, treatment outcomes.

Parent Training is considered the most effective intervention for the construction of educational competencies specific for parents of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The present contribution aims at: 1) inquiring which are the main areas around which the narration of parents participating to a Parent Training group are oriented and how they are modified during the change process; 2) assessing how Parent Training modifies some parental competencies and children's disattentive, hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. Four pairs of parents of children affected by ADHD participated to this study, for a total of nine meetings. Participants were given questionnaires aiming at inquiring parental aspects and child's behavior (analyzed also from the teacher's perspective). Each session was audio-recorded and transcribed. A textual analysis was carried out on the transcriptions, through the software The knowledge Workbench-Atlas. ti 5.0. Results from the qualitative analysis showed three main dimensions: educative-relational aspects, emotional aspects, and aspects of couple coherence. Each dimension was split in a positive polarity (positive parenting, relief state, parental accordance) and a negative one (scarce supervisions, dejection state, parental discordance). Results from the quantitative analysis were not statistically significant, however a tendency towards the increase of positive parental practices and the reduction of physical punishments during the Parent-Training was found.

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