Keywords: Working Time; Legal and Collective Standards; Flexibility in the Interest of the Enterprise and in the Interest of Employees; Health and Safety.
The essay explores rules on working time in European and Italian perspective. It analyses not only functional flexibility, but also employeeoriented flexibility, in order to achieve a better balancing of interests. The purpose to improve subjective productivity (to mention only one of functions of rules on working time) could be reach adopting a systematic approach. It is - in other words - necessary a new legal intervention: a case by case approach, founded on collective agreements, is not sufficient to raise the level of protection and also to contrast the "productivistic" logic that today affects European and domestic rules on working time.