Conscientious Objection As An Anti-Militarist Battle: The Radical Party from the Sixties until 1972
Are you already subscribed?
Login to check whether this content is already included on your personal or institutional subscription.
This essay aims to analyse the main attitudes and concepts underlying the anti-militarism of the «new» Radical Party (Pr), and to outline the reasons that led the Radicals to embrace conscientious objection as a political objective. In the years 1961-1968, the Radicals elaborated their own anti-militarist position, picking up reflections and concepts from Anglo-Saxon anti-nuclearism and Italian pacifism. They aimed to overcome the positions of national neutralism in favour of a bilateral plan for conventional and atomic disarmament in Europe. At the end of the Sixties, the battle for the legal recognition of conscientious objection became a qualifying feature of the Pr. The Radicals identified the refusal to serve in the army as a fundamental right of the individual. A right that could powerfully contribute to the disruption of military structures and then to the dismantling of the «regime». The Radicals played a crucial role first in making such issue a salient one for the general public, and then in pressing the Italian Parliament to approve the conscientious objection law (Law 772) in 1972.
- Radical Party
- Civil Rights
- Conscientious Objection