Soon after the end of the Great Recession, an extensive debate emerged on what determines the slow economic recovery as well as the weak creation of new jobs. Particularly in the American context, current economic research considers, as part of the problem, the on-going processes of industrial automation. The latter are disrupting a huge number of jobs by implementing the new advancements in the field of Artificial Intelligence. Machines currently replace human jobs related to professions and tasks until recently considered to be "protected" from automation processes. The essay provides for an introduction on the American research that today aims at evaluating the real impact of these dynamics on future professions as well as at defining general "visions" on best public policies for job creation in the age of the new Artificial Intelligence.