Over the last 15 years, social scientists have paid a growing attention to
food activism in Italy; nonetheless, much research has been devoted to
activism in the domain of consumption, while rather less attention has
been paid to food workers' activism. This article describes a number of
workers' movements and organizations - of both peasants and farm labourers - whose activism is linked to the issues of agricultural labour and
the conditions of food production. In recent years, such movements have
developed new practices and have proposed radically alternative views
and discourses concerning the food system, in opposition to the corporations of agro-industry and food retail. In this review, I use the categories of "mutualism" and "resistance", as elaborated by the sociologist and historian Pino Ferraris in his analysis of the early Italian and European workers' movements.