Implementation of the Specific Recommendations to Italy between 2002 and 2018
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The economic governance of the European Union establishes the interaction between
a supranational level, which acts to prevent the economic crisis in light of the
preventive arm of the stability and growth pact, and a national level. To what extent
and why does Italy implement the country-specific recommendations? Employing an
innovative dataset on 183 recommendations issued in the period 2002-2018, we
show that Italy has a low performance. The preventive arm is not a technocratic
mechanism and free from political considerations. On the contrary, we find strong
impact of governments’ position, both on the left-right dimension and towards the
European integration, on the implementation of the recommendations. Economic
pressure is, however, not relevant.