Keywords: Atlantis; Mass Culture; Irrationalism; Racism; Mythology.
The present article analyzes the political
contents of books concerning the myth of Atlantis. Between the 19 th and the 20 th centuries
books on Atlantis became very popular in Europe and in the United States of America. Authors
of these books believed that Atlantis had really existed in a very remote age of gold, which they
identified with the origins of the human race. Authors of books on Atlantis were followers of
irrationalism, a philosophical movement which emphasized instinct and will over and against
reason. As a consequence, while exalting racism and preindustrial society, books on Atlantis
strongly oppose progress, industrialization process and capitalism, which are on the contrary
supported by Positivism and Darwinism. The present article demonstrates that books focusing
on Atlantis contributed to the spread of the ideology later expressed by totalitarian regimes.