Luca Illetterati

For a Non-Naturalistic Naturalism. About Nature Between Epistemology and Ontology

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In this paper, I present a philosophical perspective that I call «non-naturalistic naturalism». By juxtaposing these seemingly contradictory concepts, I aim to emphasize both the relevance of the concept of nature – which, I argue, should be kept in our conceptual frameworks – and the need for its redefinition, particularly in contrast to its reductive naturalistic interpretation, which posits it as a separate realm from human dimension. I argue that contemporary trends advocating for the abandonment of the concept of nature in favor of alternative notions risk conflating the ontological and epistemological dimensions of their discourse, thereby ending up into a radicalization of a modern dualist paradigm rather than into its dissolution. To advance the denaturalization of nature – which amounts to its decolonization from its naturalistic interpretation – I will critically examine contemporary attempts to deconstruct the concept of nature. Drawing on examples from classical German philosophy, I will focus on the notion of agency, interpreting it not as something in opposition to the dimension of nature but rather as a fundamental constituent thereof.


  • Nature
  • Agency
  • Ontology
  • Epistemology


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