Marko Medved

L'atteggiamento del vescovo di Fiume Antonio Santin nei confronti dell'autorità fascista (1933-1938)

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  • This article focuses mainly on bishop Antonio Santin's attitude towards fascism during his five-year episcopate in Rijeka (from 1933 to 1938). In the 1950's
  • some historians began accusing Santin of being too close to Mussolini's government during his episcopate in Rijeka
  • and later Trieste
  • suggesting he was partly responsible for depriving Croatians and Slovenians of their national rights
  • and for their Italianization. Some elements of that criticism are still repeated by Croatian and Slovenian secular and church historians today. In Santin's case
  • as with other bishops of multiethnic dioceses in this area
  • one must draw a careful distinction between the free decisions of the Church authority and the decisions of the public (or military) administration. One will
  • in some cases
  • find that fascism influenced the Church
  • however
  • it should be emphasized that the Catholic hierarchy did not demand
  • let alone ask
  • that the government authorities behave unjustly toward the Slavic population as communist historiography claimed. However
  • Santin did accept some of the Mussolini regime's propaganda
  • and responded by sending Italian priests to parishes with Slavic populations
  • and by imposing Latin as a liturgical language. On the other side
  • he did communicate in Croatian and Slovenian to believers in the hinterland
  • unlike other Italian bishops of Rijeka
  • and he increased the number of non-Italians in the cathedral chapter


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