Informations and abstract
Our article aims to examine the analogical process implicit in the composition and structuration of compounds. Our approach is situated between analogical linguistics (Monneret, 2004, 2014, in press a and b) and cognitive psychology (Gentner, 1983; Clement, Gentner, 1991; Gentner, Markman, 1995, 1997; Gentner, Holyoak, Kokinov, 2001; Hofstadter, 2001; Hofstadter, the Fluid Analogies Research Group, 1995; Hofstadter, Sander, 2013). We analyse the concept of the regularization and categorization characterising analogy, compositionality question and words composition. This article develops three points: i) an introduction of composition as lexical need; ii) a study about Saussure and Bally's considerations; iii) the relation between analogy and composition through some examples in French language.