Stefano Quirico

The roots of Achille Loria's international political thought: the manuscript on La Pace Permanente (1876)

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Keywords: Achille Loria; Peace; War; Nationalism; Republicanism.

A well-known economist at the end of XIX century, Achille Loria received a radical criticism from both Marxist and liberal intellectuals, that blurred his celebrity. Nonetheless, he was a member of the Italian peace movement and the author of a large number of essays concerning international relations. The core elements of his vision were presented in the manuscript "La Pace Permanente" (1876), where Loria maintained that the enduring peace would be realized by supporting the republican ideas and the principle of nationality. Influenced by the Italian Risorgimento and the European positivist culture, he mixed the Kantian legacy with the theoretical approach of Mazzini and supported the so-called «patriotic pacifism», containing a latent contradiction between peace and nation.

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