Between passion and mockery: Spanish and Catalonian interpretations of d’Annunzio’s Fiume
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Fiume’s experience was one of the postwar international events that arose more interest and
passions in Spain, following the polarization that the Great War entailed. But it was also the object
of criticism, concern and even ridicule. This paper examines the impact that Fiume had on
the Spanish and Catalan public opinion. Further, it analyses the influence that this experience
had over the multiple processes of radicalization and political mobilization that took place in
Spain during the period 1919-1920, either as an exemplary model or as an object of rejection.