Keywords: Adolescence; Time Perspective; Responsibility; Decision-Making Styles; Relational Styles.
In this study, we have investigated the role of time perspective in adolescents and young adults. The social context in which these individuals live was explored with reference to the degree of optimism vs. pessimism and personal responsibility. Time was analysed as related to cognitive (decision-making styles) and affective (relational styles) aspects. The research was performed on a population of 359 Italian secondary and university students. Three groups were clustered, and they showed different profiles. Responsible and optimistic students were balanced in terms of time perspective and showed a good psychological functioning. The other two groups (disengaged and responsible pessimistic students) described a more critical profile, based either on delaying the time of maturity and adulthood or on feelings of worries and avoidant strategies. Clinical implications were discussed.