Informations and abstract
Keywords: flexicurity; unfair dismissals; unequal treatment.
In the first part of the essay, the Author proposes a comparison between the reforms of labour market recently enacted in Italy as well as in Spain. In both countries, the new measures have been taken under the pressure of Ue institutions and facing a serious occupational crisis, but the results, in terms of flexicurity, are different. Whereas Spanish Act 3/2012 stresses on internal flexibility by enlarging employers' unilateral powers, including the power to dismiss at considerably reduced costs, Italian Act 92/2012 balances incoming and outgoing flexibility, partially restricting the first and generously enlarging the second. In the final part of the essay, the Author focuses on Italian new regulations of dismissals; a critical analysis is dedicated to the reduction of employees' protection against unfair dismissals and the unequal treatments stemming from the protection fragmentation related to the fragmentation of dismissal justification.