Stefano Costantini

Verso una nuova stagione di concentrazione territoriale?

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This essay is focused on the territorial employment pacts. First the author takes into consideration the initiatives for economic and occupational development within the local pacts the legislator has regulated by law, and particularly, within the area agreements: the focus is on the derogations by which the social parts make more flexible the disciplines of labour market and employee relationship. In the second place the author describes the functional and structural features of other kinds of territorial social pacts, not regulated by law: the objective is the analysis of differentiated solutions for employment according to local needs. Finally the author ponders on next possible scenarios of territorial social pacts, in the light of the recent reforms of the labour market. On the one hand, a strategy of local regulation of active policies for employment by agreed exceptions of the national discipline of employee relationship seems very difficult to pursue without high risks of territorial dumping. On the other hand, in concertation at local level, there will be probably a shift from pure employment policies to wider strategies of territorial welfare.

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