Keywords: Recodification; Civil Code; History of French Private Law.
This essay explores the history of the recodification of contract law in the âCode civil des FranÃ§aisâ. After a first part in which the theory of recodification is discussed, the paper verifies how the possibility of reforming contract law was debated in each of the different phases of the history of French private law after 1804. In doing so, it outlines the reasons behind the failure of all the various reform projects prior to the 2016-2018 ârÃ©formeâ. The history of missed opportunities shows that what Jean Carbonnier stated concerning codification is also true for recodification: Â«il nâest pas besoin de beaucoup dâintelligence: tout est donnÃ© par les prÃ©cÃ©dents du passÃ© et les demandes dâun prÃ©sent oÃ¹ sâamorce le futur. Seulement, il faut y appliquer beaucoup de volontÃ©Â».