Elena Flor

SDR: From Bretton Woods to a World Currency

  • Abstract

Informations and abstract

Keywords: SDR; Special Drawing Rights; Multi-currency System; Virtual Currency; Reserve Currency.

Keynes proposal in 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference to find the new international monetary system on a world currency (the «bancor») was rejected and the dollar - convertible into gold - was put at the center of the system. In 1968 the IMF created its own «unit of account» - the SDR - based on a basket of national currencies and, in 1971, the president Nixon announced the end of the convertibility. In 2008 the financial crisis erupted and in 2016 the renminbi was included in the SDR basket: a new international multi-currency reserve system is emerging.

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