Mining Activity and the Setting up of New Businesses in Basilicata
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Natural resources have always been considered as a strategic element for the
location of towns and the development of their economies. Recently, however,
economic literature has highlighted that the effect the abundance of natural resources
has on growth is even negative. The aim of this paper is to estimate the
impact of mining activities in Basilicata as a catalyst for new businesses. Through
a methodology of Geographic Regression Discontinuity Design, the spatial variation
of the number of companies in Lucania's municipalities has been analyzed
and it has been estimated that the oil would increase the presence of about 0.01
firms per inhabitant over the whole area where royalties have side effects. By using
a difference-in-discontinuities approach, the significance and the estimate of
this result is maintained.