Donato Iacobucci, Alessandra Micozzi, Giacinto Micucci

Academic Spin-Offs in Italy: An Analysis of Governance Models and Performance

  • Abstract

Informations and abstract

Keywords: Academic Spin-Offs, Technology Transfer, Firm Governance, Firms Growth, Italy

The paper aims to provide an overview of the phenomenon of university spin-offs in Italy. Academics spin-offs constitute one of the ways in which knowledge developed in universities and public research institutions transfer into the productive sector. Differently from other modes of technology transfer they are characterized by the direct involvement of researchers and the support of the parent institution. The possibility for university and research institutions to authorize spin-offs was introduced in Italy in 1999. Up to 2012 nearly 750 spin-offs were set up in Italy. They registered a high survival rate and, overall, a good financial performance. However, the spin- offs that have shown significant growth rates are just a few. Very often the spin-off is used to facilitate the supply of advanced services developed within the university rather than developing new products and services. The paper also analyse the ownership structure of spin-offs and other factors affecting their growth performance.

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