Keywords: public policy, higher education institutions, gender equality.
The purpose of this paper is to assess two funding tools, namely performancebased
allocation of funds and target agreements, with respect to their suitability for use in fostering
gender equality. It uses the example of higher education in Germany, examining gender
mainstreaming in the public financing of universities and the redistribution of funds within
their structures. The practice of gender-responsive budgeting in the German higher education
system will be analysed on the basis of 13 qualitative case studies of state-run universities. The
main features of the state funding system, along with its strengths and weaknesses in promoting
gender equality in academia, will be identified.