This study examines the role of positivity in supporting mental and physical health in unemployed workers, reducing the effects of perceived economic stress and promoting health behaviors. Method. Cross-sectional data from 101 unemployed subjects (51.5% female) aged 35 to 45 regarding positivity, mental and physical health, perceived economic stress and health behaviors were collected, and were analyzed through a Structural Equation Model. Results. Positivity was positively associated with mental health in consequence of a reduction of the perceived economic stress and the adoption of health behaviors. Positivity was positively related with physical health as a result of adherence to health behaviors. Conclusions. Implications and limits are discussed.