Anna Mulasso Mattia Roppolo Robbert J.J. Gobbens Emanuela Rabaglietti

The evaluation of frailty in older adults: translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Tilburg Frailty Indicator to the Italian context

Are you already subscribed?
Login to check whether this content is already included on your personal or institutional subscription.


The Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) is a self-report questionnaire for screening frailty in community-dwelling older adults. It is a multidimensional instrument, simple and easy to administer. The current paper describes the procedure of translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the TFI in Italian language. The phases were the following: translations, synthesis of translations, back-translations, expert committee review, pre-testing on thirty-one Italian older adults (mean age of 77 years old, 64% were women), and final revision. All the respondents judged positively the Italian TFI, stating it clear, simple, and understandable. A subsequent research on a large sample of older adults will analyse the psychometric properties of the instrument, in order to allow the use of the Italian TFI in clinical and scientific field for identifying frail older adults.


  • Frailty Measure
  • Translation
  • Cross-Cultural Adaption
  • Italian Version
  • Aged Population


Article first page

Trova nel catalogo di Worldcat