Informations and abstract
Keywords: pronominal affixation, morphotactics, competition, multiple exponence, discontinuity.
The grammar of pronominal axation in Yimas displays complex patterns of interaction both among the set of pronominal prexes, but also in connection with modal marking. Without modal marking, core arguments are expressed by discrete markers that compete for realisation in two prexal slots, a competition that is governed by the person hierarchy and, among third person participants, by the thematic hierarchy. Modal markers target the same position as the outer pronominal prex, triggering suxal realisation of the preempted pronominal argument. With intransitives (mostly), modals give rise to multiple exponence, requiring presence of the sux to redundantly mark the number of the S argument already realised by the inner pronominal prex. I shall argue that these complex interactions can be analysed quite straightforwardly in a neo-templatic model of morphotactics, i.e. a model that recognises position classes as descriptive primitives. Moreover, the fact that suxal marking of core arguments is only licit in the context of modal marking requires a notion of inectional constructions. I shall present Informationbased Morphology, a resource-sensitive model-theoretic approach to inection and show how certain properties of the framework, in particular the possibility to capture discontinuous inectional constructions by means of multiple inheritance, lend themselves naturally to an analysis of Yimas complex morphotactics.