Informations and abstract
Keywords: Oneida, Iroquoian, deverbal nouns, conversion, inection, templatic morphology.
It is often assumed, particularly in inferential-realizational approaches to inection (Anderson 1992; Stump 2001), that inectional morphology is “atµ, i.e. does not involve internal constituency or intermediary lexical categories. We argue in this paper on the basis of the derivation of nouns from verbs that the inectional prexes of Oneida (Northern Iroquoian) form a at template, but that the inectional suxes belong to a dierent layer from the prexes. We further argue that verb-to-noun derivation is semantically transparent in Oneida in that lexical category follows ontological sorts and category-changing derivation is always accompanied by ontological change, from situation descriptions to object descriptions. Finally, we suggest that verb-to-noun derivation plays a special role in the Oneida lexicon as so many names of everyday object categories are derived from verbs and that verbs behave as the only open class in the language.