Keywords: Republic of Genoa; political institutions; ruling class; maritime safety; neutrality.
According to correspondence and reports of a Tuscan secret agent sent to Genoa in the
years 1744-45, the essay presents an unusual portrait of the Republic of Genoa from a perspective
of particular interest and in a historical period quite neglected by historians. From a
comparative perspective, the paper analyses the information collected by captain Cicambelli,
a high ranking officer of the public administration assigned to the port of Leghorn, dedicating
particular attention to the Genoese aristocracy, the main magistrates of the city and the institutions
responsible for the political, social and maritime safety of the "Superba".