Giulio Abbate

Models of colonization. Italian doctrines from 1864 to 1890

  • Abstract

Informations and abstract

Keywords: Colonialism; Italy; International Law; Colonial Law; British colonies.

Nineteenth century Italian debate about colonialism - as well as national representation of colonial phenomenon - was not a homogeneous one. According to Italian scholars (historians, jurists, economists, geographers) of the period 1860-1880 a "modern" concept of colonialism must necessarily refuse the use of violence and, in particular, recourse to conquest as a mean of territorial expansion. This representation of colonialism - that found a strong scientific support in the mid-Nineteenth century Italian theory of International Law and in particular in the "principle of nationality" elaborated by Pasquale Stanislao Mancini - terminated in the decade 1880-1890. Starting from the Berlin West Africa Conference (1884-1885) Italian jurists - especially International lawyers - considered colonialism as the principal vehicle of world civilization and this alone was sufficient to legitimize even the most violent means of territorial acquisition.

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