Keywords: Amministrazione per gli Aiuti Internazionali; Nutrition; Childhood.
The article analyses the action and the role of the Italian Amministrazione per gli Aiuti Internazionali (Aai ) in spreading a new nutritional culture in the long period following World War II, with a particular focus on childhood. It describes the characteristics and the evolution of food protection plans, from emergency post-war interventions to the programs devoted to children in need during the Fifties and the Sixties. Those programs aimed at harmonizing social solidarity with the promotion of food politics and the diffusion of food education. The essay specifically focuses on the relationship between AAI and different international organizations - such as Unic ef and Fao - in the field of international food programs. It also investigates the role played by AAI in the complex relationship on foreign aid between Italian institutions and the United States.