Informations and abstract
Keywords: Israael; Palestine; Zionism.
The core of the Israeli issue cannot be understood without considering the emblematic role that Zionism, Palestine, and then Israel, have had in 20th century culture. This is true even when we reflect on some of the authors that have lived this complex and contradictory experience, a dream, a utopia that was and still is at the center of an unsolved conflict. The article discusses the issue of the «return to Eretz Israel» based on the works and experiences of authors and thinkers such as Gerschom Scholem, Else Lasker- Schüler, Arnold Zweig, Hugo Bergmann, Gabriele Tergit and Paul Müsham.