Franco Lo Piparo

The nature of the bodies with the help of Aristotle

  • Abstract

Informations and abstract

Keywords: Embodied Cognition; Body; Pleasure/Pain; Desire; Imagination; Consciousness.

The mind/body problem and the notion of "embodied cognition" in Aristotle's texts are examined. In the fourth century BC philosopher a body definition is identified and this should be carefully analyzed from contemporary cognitivist literature. A body, according to Aristotle, is what it can do and animal bodies arise on the interweaving of feeling of pleasure/pain, desire and imagination. The analysis of the weaving explains why all animals are certain to have a conscious. In human bodies the intertwining of the three constitutive factors of animality is modified, but not annulled, by the logos that is the ability to speak/reason.

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