Keywords: Indigenous Peoples; Self-determination; Land Rights; Cultural Diversity; Collective Rights; Customary International Law.
Since the days of Columbus, indigenous peoples have faced existential threats to their culture and their physical survival. Only recently, a movement of indigenous renascence across national borders has driven the world community to the development of a legal regime designed to respond to their communities' specific needs and aspirations. Guided by a global policy fostering cultural diversity, international instruments and customary international law have combined to establish novel rights to indigenous peoples' self-determination, cultural identity and traditional lands. These rights, particularly those of a communal nature, have become the legal paradigm in the safeguarding and flourishing of vulnerable cultural communities through generations and across the world.