Alessio Azzariti

International Travel in the COVID–19 Era: What Role for International Law?

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Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, States and corporations have been debating over what measures could be implemented in order to progressively ease restrictions on international travel: the proposals made included implementing an immunity passport, or, with the development and production of vaccines, a vaccination certificate. The article analyses the possibility of adopting these measures in conformity with International Health Regulations (IHR) and the International Covenants on Human Rights. Finally, it formulates a hypothesis for the revision of International Health Regulations whilst giving them an interpretation that is harmonized with human rights norms.


  • immunity passports
  • vaccines
  • vaccination certificates
  • right to health
  • right to life
  • International Health Regulations


Article first page

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